Roman Polanski made his directorial debut in the 1962 Polish psychological thriller film ‘Knife in the Water.’ The film earned critical acclaim upon release and received a 97% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Polanski was also the writer of the film. He continued to write and direct films such as ‘Les plus belles escroqueries du monde’ (1964), ‘Repulsion’ (1965), ‘Cul-de-sac’ (1966), and ‘The Fearless Vampire Killers’ (1967). In 1968, he wrote and directed the American psychological horror film ‘Rosemary's Baby.’ The film saw universal acclaim upon release and also performed well at the box office, grossing over $33.4 million on a budget of $3.2 million. Polanski also received an ‘Academy Award’ nomination for ‘Best Screenplay.’ He next directed the 1971 historical drama film ‘Macbeth.’ The film received a mixed response from critics and tanked at the box office. In 1974, Polanski directed the American neo-noir mystery drama film ‘Chinatown’ written by Robert Towne. The film opened to wide critical acclaim and received 11 ‘Academy Award’ nominations including ‘Best Director for Polanski. He next wrote and directed the 1976 French psychological horror film ‘The Tenant.’ While the film was panned by critics upon release, it gained a cult following in subsequent years.
In 1980, he wrote and directed the drama film ‘Tess.’ The film received positive reviews from critics and grossed over $20 million at the box office. Polanski also received an Academy Award nomination for Best Director. He went on to direct films such as ‘Pirates’ (1986), ‘Frantic’ (1988), ‘Bitter Moon’ (1992), ‘Death and the Maiden’ (1994), and ‘The Ninth Gate’ (1999). In 2002, he directed the biographical war drama film ‘The Pianist’ written by Ronald Harwood. The film received massive acclaim upon release and won 4 Academy Awards including Best Director for Polanski. He continued to write and direct films such as ‘Oliver Twist’ (2005), ‘The Ghost Writer’ (2010), ‘Carnage’ (2011), ‘Venus in Fur’ (2013), and ‘Based on a True Story’ (2017). Polanski last wrote and directed the 2019 historical drama film ‘An Officer and a Spy.’ The film received mostly positive reviews from critics and holds a 76% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes.